Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/cej.2015.3-04
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  DOAJ

Issue archive / Vol. 11, No. 3/2015
Gender Differences in Limb and Joint Stiffness during the Fencing Lunge

Authors: Lindsay Bottoms
School of Health, Sport and Bioscience, University of East London, United Kingdom

Jonathan Sinclair
Division of Sport Exercise and Nutritional Sciences, University of Central Lancashire, United Kingdom
Keywords: fencing biomechanics limb stiffness
Data publikacji całości:2015
Page range:6 (39-44)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


The aim of the current investigation was to examine gender differences in limb and joint stiffness characteristics during the fencing lunge. Ten male and ten female fencers completed simulated lunge movements. Lower limb kinematics were collected using an eight camera optoelectric motion capture system which operated at 250 Hz. Measures of limb and joint stiffness were calculated as a function of limb length and joint moments divided by the extent of limb and joint excursion. Gender differences in limb joint stiffness parameters were examined statistically using independent samples t-tests. The results showed firstly that both limb (male = 64.22 ±19.12, female = 75.09 ±22.15 N.kg.m) and hip stiffness (male = 10.50 ±6.00, female = 25.89 ±15.01 Nm.kg.rad) were significantly greater in female fencers. In addition it was also demonstrated that knee moment (male = 1.64 ±0.23, female = 2.00 ±0.75 Nm.kg) was significantly larger in females. On the basis of these observations, the findings from the current investigation may provide further insight into the aetiology of the distinct injury patterns observed between genders in relation to fencing.
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