Economics and Sociology

ISSN: 2071-789X     eISSN: 2306-3459    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/2071-789X

Instructions for Authors

The Journal of Scholarly Papers of Economics and Sociology (E&S) only accepts original and authentic extended papers (approx. 10-15 A4 pages) on a regular basis, which have never been published before or are submitted/under consideration in another means of publication (e.g. another scientific journal, a scientific conference or a working paper, a report, etc.). E&S uses a double blind review process to ensure quality of the contributions. Please, sent your original and authentic papers by e-mail to:

Manuscript formatting requirements:

  1. Papers should be of 10-15 pages in length (1.0-spaced, Times New Roman 12) including the following obligatory parts:
  2. Author’s full name and academic title(s).
  3. Author’s full affiliation (including, name of the department, faculty and university, address and e-mail address; if necessary point out the corresponding author). If the author affiliates him/herself with a business organization or institution, please, supply adequate information on the organisation’s full title and address and e-mail address.
  4. Title of the paper (capitalize each meaningful word).
  5. An abstract (100-150 words) to disclose the main idea of the paper and your research results).
  6. Keywords (up to 5 meaningful words/phrases). Always refer to the country(ies) of your research.
  7. JEL classification (please, refer to for your keywords.
  8. Introduction is an obligatory part of the paper, where the author(s) indicates the novelty of the topic and its urgent scientific solutions. The research goal should be clearly stated alongside with research tasks, research methodology, restrictions of the research and major sources of references. Indicate the logic of presenting your research material, e.g., define which section contains what information or research findings (theoretical and empirical).
  9. The body of the text should be broken into meaningful sections with individual headings to disclose the essence of this section. Do not make the headings too long – a preferable heading should contain 1-7 words. Every paper should contain Conclusions, where the author(s) should conclude on the research material, without new facts or data. Implications for a future research might also find their place in Conclusions. Author(s) might opt for a section of Discussion or Recommendations, this practice is also welcome in our Journal.
  10. References (see below).
  11. In rare case we accept papers with extra explanations in footnotes. It is preferred that the author(s) keep(s) footnotes to a minimum.  


Requirements for research papers

The Papers containing results of the social and economic empirical studies should include information on used methodology and methods in the dedicated chapter of the article.

This information must include the following:

  • name of the organization or individuals that conducted the study;
  • dates of research (field work) or time period of the analyzed data;
  • data sources used and the empirical basis of the study;
  • structure of the population;
  • type of the sample, its size and information about its adjustments, as well as sampling error;
  • description of the data collection methods (e.g., surveys, interviews, observations, experiments, content analysis etc.);
  • exact wording of the questions, as well as their type (e.g., open, closed, semi-closed, etc.);
  • description of the methods of data analysis (e.g., when estimating correlation coefficients – their statistical dependencies must be indicated; when using factor analysis – the percentage of explained variance has to be provided);
  • authors of methodological tools;
  • brief summary on the positive and negative methodological experience: testing of methodological tools, difficulties in the implementation of the initial research concept, discovery of the problems with the methodological tools, unpredictable organizational and methodical situations.

When formatting tables one should indicate more specific information about the provided data. For instance, an author have to specify whether the percent of the respondents, who answered particular question, is calculated as a share from the total number of respondents or a share from the number of respondents, who just answered corresponding question. As the second example, a researcher has to indicate total number of observations together with their share in total. Similar or even more attention has to be paid to the graphical interpretation of the data.

Finally, it is very important to compare obtained results with the data from other studies. 


Technical requirements

The text may contain tables and figures, which should have separate numbering (one numbering system for tables; another – for figures). They should be placed in the text at the appropriate paragraph (just after its reference) Never use or re-cite tables and figures of original authors, unless you receive a written permission from original authors/publishing house to include such tables and figures in your paper. A copy of such permission should be scanned and e-mailed to the Editorial Office of E&S in a PDF format.


Authors must list all sources of research support relevant to the article. All grant funding agency abbreviations should be completely spelled out. Declaring funding sources acknowledges funders’ contributions, fulfills funding requirements, and promotes greater transparency in the research process.

Examples of Funding Statement:

  • "The research leading to these results has received funding from the PROJECT titled "AAA" in the frame of the program "BBB"  under the Grant agreement number NNN."
  • "This work was supported by the INSTITUTION  (Grant agreement number NNN).
  • "This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.



References must be in Harvard style. References should be clearly cited in the body of the text, e.g. (Smith, 2006) or (Smith, 2006, p.45), if an exact quotation is being used. At the end of the paper the author(s) should present full References in the alphabetical order as follows:

  • books: surname, initials, (year), title, place of publication, publisher. E.g. Marfleet, P. (2006), Refugees in a Global Era, Hampshire and New York: Palgrave McMilian.
  • journals: surname, initials, (year), "title", journal, volume, number, pages. E.g.Guarnizo, L.E. (2003), The Economics of Transnational Living, International Migration Review, Vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 666-699.
  • Internet sources: World Bank 2009 Outlook for Remittance Flows 2009-2011 // (referred on 30/09/2009).



Submissions are accepted all year round with the current waiting time of max. 6 months. When papers are reviewed and selected from scientific events (seminars and conferences), the participation fee already includes the publication charge in E&S.

Finally, papers, as with all other aspects of the Journal, can be addressed to the Editorial Office:

Journal of Scientific Papers „Economics and Sociology“,

Mickiewicza str., 64, 71-101, Szczecin, Poland tel. +48914442086


Copyright and Open Access License

Authors submitting articles for publication warrant that the work is not an infringement of any existing copyright and will indemnify the publisher against any breach of such warranty. For ease of dissemination and to ensure proper policing of use, papers and contributions become the legal copyright of the publisher unless otherwise agreed.

The following license will apply to the article: CC BY

The CC BY license lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.

The publisher will apply the Creative Commons Attribution Works 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY) to the Article for the purposes of publication in the journal on an Open Access basis. For further information, see the Open access options page. The full details of the license are available at

Academic ethics policy

The Editorial Board of “Economics and Sociology” follows the rules on academic writing and academic ethics, according to the work by Miguel Roig (2003, 2006) “Avoiding plagiarism, self-plagiarism, and other questionable writing practices: A guide to ethical writing”, available online at The Editorial Board suggests to potential contributors of the journal, reviewers and readers to dully follow this guidance in order to avoid misconceptions in academic writing. Editors will blind referee all manuscripts as will reviewers, to the guidelines explicitly highlighted by COPE .