Central European Journal of Sport Sciences and Medicine

ISSN: 2300-9705     eISSN: 2353-2807    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/cej.2018.2-01
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  DOAJ

Issue archive / Vol. 22, No. 2/2018
Effects of Exercise on Appetite-Regulating Hormones, Perceived Hunger, and Energy Intake: A Narrative Overview

Authors: Marsa Gleason
California University of Pennsylvania, Department of Exercise Science & Health Promotion, California, USA

Basil H. Aboul-Enein
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Department of Global Health & Development, London, United Kingdom

Josh Bernstein
A.T. Still University of Health Sciences, College of Graduate Health Studies, Kirksville, USA

Joanna Kruk ORCID
University of Szczecin, Faculty of Physical Education and Health Promotion, Szczecin, Poland
Keywords: Exercise Appetite regulation Hunger Weight management
Data publikacji całości:2018-06-31
Page range:8 (5-12)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


Controlling appetite, perceived hunger, and energy intake are important factors in weight management. This narrative review examines the effect of different forms, intensities and duration of exercise on the appetite-regulating hormones leptin, acylated ghrelin, glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide tyrosine tyrosine3-36 (PYY3-36), perceptions of hunger, and energy intake in overweight/obese, and normal weight populations. The studies reviewed compared exercise intensities- low, moderate, and high intensity, and modes of exercise- aerobic and resistance training. The studies selected in this narrative review included participants that ranged in age from 13-57 years old, male and female, previously sedentary and physically active, and normal weight and overweight/obese individuals- defined by body mass index standards (BMI). The primary benefits of exercise on appetite regulation are seen with moderate to high-intensity aerobic exercise; with the most notable relative energy deficit resulting from an exercise bout (at any intensity) that expends the most energy. Further research is warranted to determine if there exists a tendency to overcompensate for energy expended during exercise in certain populations.
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