Opuscula Sociologica

Previously: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Studia Sociologica

ISSN: 2299-9000    OAI
CC BY-SA   Open Access   CEEOL

Issue archive / nr 1/2014
Enklawowy charakter życia polskich zesłańców. Na marginesie badań nad postacią matki Sybiraczki
(Enclave-like character of polish exiles’ lives. Margin notes from research on the Siberian mother figure)

Authors: Dorota Bazuń
Uniwersytet Zielonogórski

Magdalena Pokrzyńska
Uniwersytet Zielonogórski
Keywords: exclusion inclusion marginalization enclave exile
Data publikacji całości:2014
Page range:9 (41-49)


The text is based on the former analysis of Polish women’s activities in the context of social changes in the aftermath of being deported deep into the Soviet Union in the 1940s. More specifically, the paper presents deportees’ life as a process of creating social enclaves. We describe the way the exiled were forced to shape new social environments, separated in some respects, namely – the enclaves. The main question is: In which way were the lives of Poles exiled to the USSR during the WW II marked and shaped by the process of creating enclaves? The tension between tendencies displayed while adjusting to the new environment (inclusion) and the process of challenging some values and norms (exclusion) are pointed out. In the paper, the process of maintaining the ties reaching back to the times prior to the exile and the necessity of adapting old norms, values and cultural factors to the new context of deportation are also explained. The text is chronologically ordered and opens with the description of first arrests and transportations. Arrests, transportation to the USSR, living in exile and coming back to Poland are described. Some aspects of functioning of former deportees in the present are also addressed. The lives of deportees during the exile and after it as well created a kind of a different social world , which had features of enclaves.
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1.Bazuń D., Kaźmierczak-Kałużna I., Pokrzyńska M. 2012, Matki Sybiraczki: losy i pamięć. Polskie kobiety zesłane w głąb ZSRR, Oficyna Wydawnicza Uniwersytetu Zielonogórskiego, Zielona Góra. Davies N. 1998, Boże Igrzysko. Historia Polski, t. II, Wydawnictwo