Finanse, Rynki Finansowe, Ubezpieczenia

Previously: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Finanse, Rynki Finansowe, Ubezpieczenia

ISSN: 2450-7741    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/frfu
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Ethical principles of the Journal «Finance. Financial Market. Insurance»

All the members of the Editorial Staff of the Journal «Finance. Financial Market. Insurance» within the scope of their duties will spare no effort to maintain high academic and ethical standards. The articles submitted to the Journal are assessed by editors and reviewers from the point of view of academic rigour, ethical standards and contribution to the development of science.

The detailed ethical principles are based on the COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

The principles concerning the members of the Editorial Staff

Criteria and responsibility for the publication of articles

The decision to publish an article is made by the editor-in-chief with the participation of the thematic editor. Decisions made by both editors are based on detailed assessments carried out by at least two reviewers, independent from and anonymous for the author. If there is such a need, also the Scientific Council of the Journal has a say in the decision. The decision may be affected by the risk of defaming third parties, infringing copyright and other rights of intellectual property, plagiarism and autoplagiarism and doubts as to the authorship or co-authorship of an article, which is termed as ghostwriting and guest authorship. 

Fair play principle

The articles sent to the Journal are assessed according to their contents and ethical principles. The assessment is not affected by such factors as race, sex, religion, origin, citizenship or political views of the author(s).

Confidentiality principle

Members of the Editorial Staff must not reveal any information on the articles submitted for publication to nobody but – at the right moment of the editorial procedure – the author(s), selected reviewers, entitled editors and other representatives of the Editorial Office.

Preventing conflicts of interest of the members of the Editorial Staff

Articles not published so far cannot be used by the members of the Editorial Staff in part or in full without prior written consent of the author(s).

Principles concerning reviewers

Rules about the participation of reviewers in the editorial process

The task of reviewers is to support editors in making decisions on whether to accept, reject or send articles back for corrections. The decision should be unequivocal. Reviewers can also support authors in their efforts to improve their skills.

Principle of punctuality

Reviews should be submitted on time. If reviewers have a conflict of interest or for other reasons cannot write a review or cannot meet the deadline, they should immediately inform the Editorial Office about the fact.

Principle of confidentiality

The submitted articles are confidential. It is unacceptable to reveal the contents of the articles to third parties; it is also inadmissible to discuss them, with the exception of entitled representatives of the Editorial Office. Reviews are anonymous, i.e. authors and reviewers do not know each other. It is impermissible to reveal any information to third parties by reviewers.

Preventing conflicts of interest in reviewers

The articles submitted for review cannot be used by reviewers in part or in full to their own benefit. In case of conflict of interest reviewers should immediately inform the Editorial Office about the fact.

Principle of academic rigour concerning sources

In their reviews reviewers are responsible for identifying and indicating the publications the author(s) of the reviewed article should have referred to but they did not. It is also the reviewers’ duty to pass on to the Editorial Office any information of a significant similarity to other publications, irrespective of their authorship, and on alleged plagiarism. 

Principles concerning authors

Principles of authorship

All the people mentioned as authors or co-authors should have made a significant contribution to the creation of the article, from the initial concept to the final conclusions. Other people who have influenced some aspects of the article may be mentioned as co-workers, but not as co-authors. The phenomena of ghostwriting and guest authorship are against academic rigour, they are unethical and unlawful. Disclosed cases of such phenomena will be made public by the Editorial Staff and passed on to the appropriate institutions, especially to the intitutions the authors and alleged authors are affiliated to. It is the duty of the author(s) submitting an article to make sure all the people mentioned as co-authors have accepted the final version of the article.

Preventing conflicts of interest in authors

Authors reveal all the sources of financing the project, contributions on part of institutions, organisations or any other partners and other possibilities of conflicts of interest that might affect the interpretation of the article or conclusions resulting from it.

Principle of academic rigour concerning presentation of research reports

Authors who in their articles present the results of empirical research are under obligation to describe the research in the most reliable way and to objectively interpret the results. The data that the most important conclusions are based on should be depicted at the level of sufficient precision, with a possibility of identifying the data sources, and it should be possible to repeat the research procedure. Presenting, commenting on and interpreting data and research results in a consciously imprecise and/or careless way is unethical and unlawful. Authors should be prepared to deliver unprocessed source data for the needs of a review up to a year after the publication of the article.

Principles of the originality

Authors submit for publication only their own original articles, not published before in full or in significant part in any configuration of authors. Authors declare that articles submitted by them have not been submitted for publication to any other journal or publisher. Authors are under obligation to inform the Editorial Office on the degree of originality of their articles in a separate declaration. 

Principle of academic rigour concerning sources

Authors are under obligation to indicate (quote) all the publications they have used while writing the article.

Principles concerning errors

If authors discover any significant errors that affect the interpretation and the conclusions of the articles already published, they should immediately inform the Editorial Office about the fact.

Procedure against the phenomena of ghostwriting and guest authorship

Academic rigour constitutes the guarantee of quality in science. Readers should be sure that authors of publications present results of their work in a clear and honest way, irrespective of whether they are direct authors or not and whether they have been supported by a natural or legal person. The ethical attitude of scholars and the highest possible editorial standard of their oeuvre should be evidenced by information transparency on the contributors to the creation of the publication (content contribution, financial suport, etc.), which is not only manifestation of decency but an example of social responsibility as well.

Ghostwriting and guest authorship are examples of unethical attitudes.

  • ghostwriting is the term to describe the phenomenon of not mentioning the names of the persons who have significantly contributed to the creation of a publication;
  • guest authorship or honorary authorship is the term to describe the phenomenon of mentioning as authors the names of the persons who have not contributed to the creation of the publication at all or to an insignificant degree.

In order to prevent ghostwriting or guest authorship the Editorial Staff of «Finance. Financial Market. Insurance» have introduced the following procedure:

  1. Authors are requested to reveal the contribution of all the authors (together with their affiliation) in the creation of the submitted publications and to indicate the persons responsible for particular parts of the publication: the concept, assumptions, methods, protocol and the like that have been used while preparing the publication. The main responsibility lies with the author who submits the publication.
  2. Authors are requested to reveal their sources of financing, and the institutional contribution (finacial disclosure).
  3. All detected cases of unethical conduct will be exposed and appropriate institutions will be notified about the fact, including the institutions the authors are affiliated to, scientific societies, associations of academic editors and the like.
  4. The Editorial Office keeps the records of all the cases of deviation from academic rigour, especially the cases of unethical conduct.
  5. All the authors are requested to fill in and sign a declaration at the latest on the day when the article is submitted. The articles of the authors who will not meet that requirement will be rejected for formal reasons.