Studia Językoznawcze

synchroniczne i diachroniczne aspekty badań polszczyzny

ISSN: 1730-4180     eISSN: 2353-3161    OAI
CC BY-SA   Open Access   ERIH PLUS

Lista wydań / t. 12, 2013
Związki akomodacyjne jako wyróżnik zależności składniowej

Autorzy: Małgorzta Gębka-Wolak
Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Słowa kluczowe: składnia współczesnego języka polskiego zależność składniowa akomodacja syntaktyczna
Rok wydania:2013
Liczba stron:15 (29-43)


The aim of this paper is to provide a more detailed description of correlations between a syntactic dependency relation and a syntactic government relation. The latter, which we call accommodation, is a mechanism of adjusting the form of linguistic expressions to the requirements of other elements co-occurring in the context. The question described here is part of a more complex problem, often referred to by linguists as the difference in binding force of the different constituents of a utterance. The article presents four possible combinations of the two syntactic relations, each illustrated by specifi c examples: 1) no dependency and no accommodation relation: Poznałam byłego rezydenta naszego wywiadu w Nowym Jorku (to mój obecny klient), 2) accommodation relation with no dependency: Arabowie (nie tylko oni) twierdzą od stuleci, że był lokalny potop, 3) both dependency and accommodation relation: Doczekam się odpowiedzi, and 4) dependency relation with no accommodation relation: Wynosić się! – warknęła. We also describe 15 grammatical categories which can be subject to accommodation relation in contemporary Polish, and analyze their correlation to syntactic dependency. In addition to the standard categories of case, number and gender, we take into consideration some less typical once, such as degree and negation. Our conclusion is that the accommodation of gender and number are the weakest among syntactic dependency indicators. This is due to the fact that this type of accommodation may concern even those elements which do not belong to the same utterance. Other analyzed grammatical categories are all related to a certain dependency type. Distributional dependents, governors and co-occurring constituents can only be subject to accommodation of specifi c and well-defi ned grammar categories.
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