Studia Językoznawcze

synchroniczne i diachroniczne aspekty badań polszczyzny

ISSN: 1730-4180     eISSN: 2353-3161    OAI
CC BY-SA   Open Access   ERIH PLUS

Lista wydań / t. 12, 2013
Językowa kreacja matki w Nad Niemnem Elizy Orzeszkowej

Autorzy: Elżbieta Skorupska-Raczyńska
PWSZ im. Jakuba z Paradyża w Gorzowie Wielkopolskim
Słowa kluczowe: językowa kreacja świata semantyka leksyka
Rok wydania:2013
Liczba stron:17 (189-205)


The analysis of the content of Eliza Orzeszkowa’s epic On the Banks of the Neman allows to distinguish the following different types of mother created by the writer: the Polish Mother, Mother-Kitten, Mother-Cuckoo, Distant Mother, and Mother Willow. Wisely devoted to her children, Maria Kirłowa is the Polish Mother type: she runs her farm all by herself, is a keeper-at-home, and, being a single mother, brings her children up to function well in the society of the second half of the twentieth century. Another mother, the proud patriot Mrs Andrzejowa Korczyńska, constitutes a monumental character. As a widow living up to her ideals she is – as it may seem – a woman to follow, but, alienated from her environment, she fails. Her son takes advantage of her knowing that his mother will do anything for him, like mother kitten. Starzyńska is the Mother-Cuckoo; she abandons her children, Janek and Antolka, to be brought up by someone else. The reason is that this woman’s need to re-marry is stronger than her maternal feelings. Selfcentered Emilia is the Distant Mother, that is to say one that is absent from the process of her children’s development. Emilia’s role of Witold and Leonia’s mother is taken over by Marta, who, as Mother-Willow, brings them up, feeds them, teaches, comforts, spoils, but also sets requirements, cares, and, fi rst of all, is always there for them. In the complex reality of the second half of the twentieth century the situation of the Polish women was quite diffi cult, also in the maternal duties they fulfi lled; those were perceived and realized very differently by different mothers, which we fi nd notably refl ected in the realistic novel On the Banks of the Neman by Eliza Orzeszkowa.
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