Acta Iuris Stetinensis

Wcześniej: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Acta Iuris Stetinensis

ISSN: 2083-4373     eISSN: 2545-3181    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/ais.2020.31-08
CC BY-SA   Open Access   DOAJ  ERIH PLUS

Lista wydań / 3/2020 (31)
The nature of law and its role in society: reflections on the basis of William Golding’s novel ‘Lord of the Flies’

Autorzy: Eliza Wójcik
Słowa kluczowe: literature values morality natural law legal positivism mechanisms of power
Rok wydania:2020
Liczba stron:16 (123-138)
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:
Liczba pobrań ?: 828


Literature provides a great deal of material for more general observations regarding the as- sessment of law and its role in public awareness. Literary works act as a mirror in which we can see the dangers of breaking the link between law and morality. An excellent example is William Golding’s novel, ‘Lord of the Flies’. His parabolic story about human nature provides a reflection on the role and nature of law in society. The task of defining the essence of law and its role in society has captured the minds of legal theorists, philosophers, and sociolo- gists for centuries. This paper includes a brief analysis of two basic concepts of the nature of law, i.e. natural law and legal positivism. It is an attempt to show that theoretical beliefs about the essence of law have a direct impact on the practice of making and applying laws. The pluralism of values is used by various social groups or the ruling political elite to achieve their own goals. They value individual civil liberties, giving primacy to values that safeguard their interests. This often happens at the expense of other groups whose freedoms are being limited. Importantly, such mechanisms of assigning value are used in both undemocratic and democratic systems.
Pobierz plik

Plik artykułu


1.Aleksandrowicz, M. et al., Demokracja, teoria prawa, sądownictwo konstytucyjne. Księ-ga jubileuszowa dedykowana profesorowi zw. nauk prawnych Adamowi Jamrozowi z okazji pięćdziesięciolecia pracy zawodowej, Białystok 2018.
2.Amsterdam, S., The easy way out, Hachette 2016.
3.Aquinas, T., Summa Theologica, translated by Fathers of the English Dominican Provin- ce, 1947, home.html.
4.Atwood, M., The handmaid’s tale, New York 2006.
5.Baker, J. R., Golding and Huxley: the fables of demonicpossession, “Twentieth Century Li¬terature” 2000, Vol. 46(3).
6.Baldwin, J., Another country, London 2001.
7.Baron, J.B., Law, literature, and the problems of interdisciplinarity, in: Kuisz, J. and Wą-sowicz, M. (eds.), Prawo i literatura. Antologia, Warszawa 2019.
8.Bix, B.H., Jurisprudence: theory and concept, London 1999.
9.Bix, B.H., Radbruch’s formula and conceptual analysis, “American Journal of Jurispru-dence” 2011, Vol. 56,
10.Bruns, B., The symbolism of power in William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, Karlstad 2008, diva2:132457/fulltext01.
11.Covell, C., The defence of natural law: a study of the ideas of law and justice in the wri- tings of Lon L. Fuller, Michael Oakeshot, F.A. Hayek, Ronald Dworkin, and John Fin- nis, London 1992.
12.Finnis, J., Fundamentals of ethics, Oxford 1983.
13.Finnis, J. et al., Nuclear deterrence, morality, and realism, Oxford 1987.
14.Fuller, L., The morality of law: revised edition, London 1969.
15.Genet, J., Our Lady of the Flowers, London 2019.
16.Genet, J., The thief’s journal, New York 2018.
17.Golding, W., Lord of the Flies, New York 1988.
18.Hamalainen, N., Literature and moral theory, 2015.
19.Isherwood, Ch., A single man, New York 2013.
20.Jastrun, M., Z pamiętnika byłego więźnia obozów koncentracyjnych, in: Jastrun, M., Wiersze zebrane, Warszawa 1956.
21.Kalpakgian, M., The right to life and the natural law, in: Koterski, J.W., (ed.), Life and earning IX: Proceedings of the ninth University Faculty for Life Conference, June 1999, Trinity International University, Deerfield, III, Washington 2000.
22.Kelsen, H., Pure theory of law, translated by Knight, M., Berkeley-Los Angeles 1967.
23.Koestler, A., Darkness at noon, New York 1941.
24.Kuisz, J. and Wąsowicz, M., Prawo i literatura. Antologia, Warszawa 2019.
25.Leszczyński, A., Przywileje partyjnej elity PRL: mieszkania, jachty, wczasy, 23.02.2015, Gazeta Wyborcza,,121681,17462415,Przywileje_ partyjnej_elity_PRL mieszkania jachty_.html.
26.Maritain, J., The rights of man and natural law, translated by Anson, D.C., New York 1943.
27.Marmor, A., Law in the age of pluralism, New York 2007.
28.Marzęcki, R., Młodzi Polacy myślą przede wszystkim o swoim bezpieczeństwie, 7.02.2018, Wszystko co najważniejsze, mlodzi-polacy-mysla-przede-wszystkim-o-swoim-bezpieczenstwie.
29.McDaniel, L., Breathless, New York 2009.
30.Miłosz, Cz., Zniewolony umysł, Kraków 2011.
31.Orwell, G., Nineteen eighty-four; translated by Mirkowicz, T., Kraków 2004.
32.Picoult, J., Mercy, London 2013.
33.Posner, R.A., Law and literature: a relation reargued, “Virginia Law Review” 1986, Vol. 72.
34.Potrzeszcz, J., Pozytywistyczna a niepozytywistyczna koncepcja prawa, “Roczniki Nauk Prawnych” 2005, Vol. XV, No. 2, viewFile/2153/2261.
35.Tiefenbrun, S., Decoding international law: semiotics and the humanities, New York 2010.
36.Vidal, G., The city and the pillar; London 1997.
37.Wigmore, J.H., Introduction, in: Gest, J.M. (ed.), The lawyer in literature, London 1913.
38.Wojnowicz, W., Moskwa 2042, translated by Broniatowska, H., Warszawa 1992.
39.Woodward, K., The case for strict law and order, in: Swisher, C. (ed.), Readings on Lord of the Flies, San Diego 1997.
40.Wrona, J., Rola PZPR w państwie i społeczeństwie polskim, “Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość” 2018, No. 2(32).
41.Zumas, L., Red clocks, New York 2018.