Studia i Prace WNEiZ US

Previously: Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Szczecińskiego. Studia i Prace WNEiZ

ISSN: 2450-7733     eISSN: 2300-4096    OAI    DOI: 10.18276/sip.2017.49/2-14
CC BY-SA   Open Access 

Issue archive / nr 49/2 2017
Unia Europejska na międzynarodowym rynku usług
(The European Union On The International Market)

Authors: Katarzyna Nowacka-Bandosz
Uniwersytet Szczeciński
Keywords: export specialization international trade in services
Data publikacji całości:2017
Page range:12 (181-192)
Klasyfikacja JEL: F14
Cited-by (Crossref) ?:


The aim of this paper is to verify the competitiveness the European Union in a situation of deterioration of its position on the international market. The analysis covered the period 2005–2015 and particular attention was paid to the impact of the global financial and economic crisis on trade in services. Research conclusions show, that it had a negative impact, especially in labor-intensive services, but less in modern services. The latter enjoyed increasing demand on the international market. Member countries adapt to it through specialization in the export of other services. It resulted in rising income from trade in services. Despite this, the EU’s share in the international division of labor decreased. It signaled the need to intensify efforts to strengthen competitive advantages in modern services.
Download file

Article file


1.IMF (2009). Balance of Payments and International Investment Position Manual. Sixth Edition. Washington.
2.Lanz, R., Maurer, A. (2015). Services and Global Value Chains – Some Evidence on Servicification of Manufacturing and Service Network. WTO Working Paper, 03.
3.Mijala, J. (2011). Międzynarodowa konkurencyjność gospodarki narodowej. Warszawa: PWE.
4.Nicholson, J.R. (2016). ICT-Enabled Services Trade in the European Union. Economics & Statistics Administration, 03-16.
5.Rothengatter, W. (2011). Economic Crisis and Consequences for the Transport Sector. Transportation Research, Economics and Policy, 9–28.
6.Roxburgh, C., Manyika, J., Dobbs, R., Mischke, J. (2012). Trading Myths: Addressing Misconceptions about Trade, Jobs and Competitiveness. McKinsey Global Institute Working Paper, 2.
7.Sethi, A., Gott, J. (2016). 2016 A.T. Kearney Global Services Location Index. On the Eve of Disruption. A New Business Model Threatens Established Concepts of Offshoring and Expands the Market.
8.UNCTAD (2009). Global Economic Crisis: Implications for Trade and Development. Report of the UNCTAD Secretariat for the First Session of the Trade and Development Commission. Pobrano z:
9.UNTAD (2012). Trade And Development Report. New York–Geneva.
10.WTO (2017). Trade in Commercial Services. Statistics Database. Pobrano z: (6.02.2017).